Career Development

How To Write A Lesson Plan

Are you a new teacher or having trouble writing your lesson plans? The purpose of lesson plans is to prepare and structure lessons in order to ensure students receive the best possible education. Lesson plans help educators outline coursework for students in a written format. Instructors can use these plans to outline their teaching goals, learning objectives, and strategies to accomplish them. In this article, we will give you tips on writing lesson plans to ensure that you are prepared to give the best education possible. 

What is a Lesson Plan? 

A lesson plan is a road map for what students need to learn and how they will learn it during class time. A detailed lesson plan can cover anywhere from a single day or a year in advance. The amount that is covered in a lesson plan is up to the creator of the lesson plan. Lesson plans are an excellent tool for teachers to use in order to guarantee that the information required to be covered is being taught in a timely manner. 

Elements of a lesson plan

A lesson plan contains information about the entire course or a single lesson. What information goes into the lesson plan is determined by what you are planning on teaching. As a general guideline, here is some of the information that you can include: 

Learning Objective

The learning objective will include the purpose of the lesson. This is where the goal for the lesson will go. What should the students know at the end of this lesson? For example, if you were creating a learning objective for a lesson on the alphabet, a goal might be that the students be able to recognize the letters by the end of the lesson. 

The objective can include student and teacher expectations for the lesson. It is important to keep in mind how reasonable the objective is. The objective should be clear and simple enough that all or most students can meet it by the end of the lesson. A reasonable objective would not be for the students to be experts on the topic after the first lesson. A reasonable objective would take into account that students learn at different paces, so not all students will be experts at the end of the lesson. 


The timeline is included in lesson plans. This helps keep the instructor on track during the lesson. The timeline signifies how long it will take to meet the learning objective. This helps with time management when you are teaching the lesson. The timeline can also be helpful if you are planning many lessons in advance. By having the timeline on the lesson plan, you can easily rearrange lessons and add or remove lessons during the school year. You can also plan in advance and not worry about taking too long on one lesson and running out of time for another lesson. 

Learning Activities

Learning activities in a lesson plan will include anything the instructor plans to use during the lesson. This can include worksheets, information about tests, and more. The learning activities should serve to help meet the learning objectives. Including the learning activities in the lesson plan helps keep everything organized so that when the time comes to teach the lesson, you have everything that you need. 

Post Lesson Assessments 

The lesson plan can also include a post-lesson assessment. This is a great tool for the instructor to gauge the effectiveness of the lesson. In this assessment, information about the student's involvement and understanding of the lesson can be included. This can help inform future lesson plan building. Using a post-lesson assessment allows you to analyze the effectiveness of the lesson and if changes need to be made for future uses. 


The lesson plan will also include the procedure of the lesson. This will be the details about the lesson, what activities will be included, and specifics on how the learning objective will be achieved. Having the procedure in the lesson plan will help instructors remember what needs to be taught. Lesson plans are often created weeks in advance, so it is important to write important information that will be needed the day of the lesson to prevent forgetting important details. 

After learning what a lesson plan contains, let's examine how it is written. To start with, you want to make sure that you clearly title your lesson plan so that you can easily find it later. Next, write a brief overview of the lesson. This will be helpful for you later on so that you can quickly and easily see what the lesson is about. Here you can also include fun facts or a hook for your students to get them interested in the lesson. 

After the overview, clearly write out the objectives of the lesson. The objectives should be realistic for your classroom. Take the core content into consideration when making the objectives, but make modifications for student accessibility. Consider if there are different reading levels in your classroom or if you need to make changes for students based on their abilities. 

Now that we have a clear idea of what is going to be taught during the lesson and what the learning objectives are, we can plan out the details of the lesson. You can break this up however you like. One way is to write out the lesson plan step by step. Each step will be a different part of the lesson or learning activities. Step one might be to do a quick learning check to see what the students already know about the topic prior to the lesson. Step two might include a PowerPoint presentation or maybe an educational video. Whatever you plan on doing in class during the lesson will be written here. It will be helpful to include time intervals so that you can stay on track through out the lesson. For example you can note that you are allotted 10 minutes for the knowledge check and 30 minutes for the presentation. 

The ending of the lesson plan will include the post lesson assessments and evaluations. This will help to analyze your lesson plan and make sure that the learning objectives were met. Now that you know how to make a lesson plan, you can be prepared to provide your students with the best education possible.

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